1940s U.S. War Dept. Chinese TMs

1940s U.S. War Department Chinese Technical Manuals:

          

1944 TM 30=533, Chinese Military Dictionary

published by the U.S. War Department.

A pocket sized (4×6”) US Military publication under the signature of G.C. Marshall, Chief of Staff.  All entries include hand-written Chinese characters, “Wade Romanization”, and English.  Characters are very hard to distinguish, printed too light, and inconsistent quality.  The Romanization listed as “Wade Romanization” is actually likely Wade-Giles based on the date of publication and the sources, but is not compatible with the modern mainland hanyu pinyin. Also, characters are not equal to either modern simplified or traditional, but most likely 95% or more overlap with Taiwan use traditional characters. The book is quite interesting for historical purposes, but not a handy reference for Chinese speakers who have learned Hanyu Pinyin and Simplified Characters.  Based on 7 primary references and several secondary references (interestingly including several English-Japanese military references).

TM 30=533
War Department Technical Manual
Chinese Military Dictionary
Chinese-English
English-Chinese
26 May 1944
415 Pages

 

1943 TM 30-633, Chinese Phrase Book

published by the U.S. War Department.

Entries in this simple handbook have four items for each word entered: English, Pronunciation (some type of phonetic attempt), Wade System (a standardized Romanization with tone numbers), and Chinese Writing (typed charachters) for each entry.  Organized by topic, for pocket or field use, including the following main headings: Emergency Expressions, General Expressions, Personal Needs, Location and Terrain, Roads and Transportation, Communications, Reconnaissance, Landing a Plane, Numbers, Size, Time, Etc., Road Signs, and other information.

 

TM 30-633
Chinese Phrasebook, December 10, 1943
War Department, Washington DC
[A. G. 300.7 (3 Mar 43)]  Distribution: X.
270 pages, approximately 4”x4.5″

No publishing data, but carries the following inside the front cover “TM 30-633, Chinese Phrase Book, is published for military personnel only, and is not to be republished in whole or in part without the consent of the War Department.”  Signed by Order of the Secretary of War, by G.C. Marshal, Chief of Staff, and J.A. Ulio, The Adjutant General.

 

1943 TM 30-634, Cantonese Phrase Book

published by the U.S. War Department.

TM 30-634
Cantonese Phrasebook, December 4, 1943
War Department, Washington DC.
Marked almost the same as the Chinese (Mandarin) phrase book above.  Sections are similarly organized with largely the same vocabulary.  The book is shorter as it has only three items per entry (no Wade System Romanization).
135 pages, approximately 4″x4.5″

Also includes the note: For Sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. – Price 25 cents.

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